State agency along the BRI: The case of Kazakhstan

Ferdinando Cinotto Introduction Since its inception in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has been conceived through two main contrasting paradigms. One is the Chinese vision of the project, rhetorically built upon the ideals of win-win relationships, people-to-people connectivity and, most importantly, non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs. The other is the Western vision, … Continue reading State agency along the BRI: The case of Kazakhstan

The Global Financial Crisis vs. The Global COVID-19 Pandemic: A focus on developing countries

Dana Salman The global financial crisis was integrated into the existing economic system. Triggered by banks offering subprime mortgages (high default risk) to households and turning them into very complex, cloudy derivatives, it led to the crash of banks, which did not have enough capital to withstand the shock. These factors lacked regulatory guidance, but … Continue reading The Global Financial Crisis vs. The Global COVID-19 Pandemic: A focus on developing countries